HNSE-O1-6. Qualitative Analysis on Implicit Bias Against Patients of Color in Healthcare
Sayeda Tazim F. Zaida1
Faculty Mentor: Manoj Sharma, Ph.D.1
1School of Public Health, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health
People of color (POC) from stigmatized and marginalized communities face implicit bias in healthcare. Implicit biases are unconscious attitudes and internalized discrimination developed through repeated practices based on stereotypes from a foundation of structural discrimination. Implicit bias in clinical settings impacts an individuals’ quality of care and overall health outcomes. The study aimed to characterize and address implicit bias among healthcare professionals toward POC in clinical settings. A literature search in MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, and EBSCO databases was undertaken to include all peer-reviewed studies (2011-2021) about implicit bias toward POC. The original literature search located 121 peer-reviewed articles. Out of those, 20 literature articles met the inclusion criteria. Patients of color disparities are often due to the lack of access to health care/insurance, the quality of care/treatment received, and overall health outcomes. Additional factors include gender, age, mental illness, weight, disability, sexual orientation, AID status, socio-economic status, and social circumstances. Most healthcare providers appear to have an implicit bias in terms of positive attitudes toward Whites and negative attitudes toward POC. Future studies need to employ more rigorous methods to examine the relationship between implicit bias and healthcare outcomes. Interventions targeting implicit attitudes among health care professionals are needed because implicit bias may contribute to health disparities and the overall clinical care of POC. Educational initiatives, reformed policies/practices, and new research are needed. Acknowledging racial/ethnic, cultural, and religious bias in clinical settings minimizes implicit bias and reduces negative health care experiences for POC.
Dr. Manoj Sharma | School of Public Health
Raisa Kabir | School of Integrated Health Sciences
Sayeda Tazim Zaidi | College of Sciences