HNSE-P6-4. The Effects of Resilience, Mindfulness, and Experiential Avoidance on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms: Exploring the Mechanism of Action of a Mindfulness App for College Student Military Veterans with PTSD

Ehdzky-Ray Manzano1
Faculty Mentor: Andrew Thomas Reyes, Ph.D.1
1School of Nursing

Mediation/moderation models provides an expanded understanding of the underlying mechanism of action of a mindfulness-based interventions, particularly how targeted constructs produce their intended benefits. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effect of resilience on the relationships mindfulness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and the indirect effect of mindfulness on PTSD through experiential avoidance as a mediator. A cross-sectional study design was used. We employed a convenience sample of 133 college student military veterans through an online survey (Qualtrics) using measures of resilience, mindfulness, experiential avoidance, and PTSD symptoms. To examine the mediating effect of experiential avoidance and the moderating effect of resilience, we used the macro PROCESS (v. 3.5). We found a direct effect of mindfulness on PTSD and a significant mediating effect of experiential avoidance on the relationship between mindfulness and PTSD. Resilience was also found to have a significant moderating effect on the relationship between mindfulness and PTSD. The major implication of these findings is that higher levels of resilience would strengthen the positive relationship between mindfulness and PTSD and the negative relationship between experiential avoidance and PTSD. This study provides preliminary evidence on the usefulness of integrating resilience development of the mindfulness app we are refining for the next phase of our research study.


Nov 15 - 19 2021


All Day


HNSE: Poster Session 6
The Office of Undergraduate Research


The Office of Undergraduate Research


7 Replies to “HNSE-P6-4. The Effects of Resilience, Mindfulness, and Experiential Avoidance on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptoms: Exploring the Mechanism of Action of a Mindfulness App for College Student Military Veterans with PTSD”

  1. Hello Ehdsky-Ray,
    I found your presentation to be very interesting! I do feel that veterans are expected to face the world on their own after service, and that there are very little programs and institutions that are catered towards these very damaged populations both physically and mentally. Therefore, research based on concepts like the one you touched upon, is very important in understand more about what everyone can do to help these demographics assimilate back into a “normal” routine. Being mindful and reinforcing the ability to be resilient against circumstances is something that some may consider “not important” or not controllable, but I definitely feel that, as you touched upon, there are many ways in order to ensure that these facets of perception are both acknowledged and preventative measures are taken in order to avoid the debilitating impacts of PTSD. Again, thank you for conducting this research and offering this information, it helps such an underserved group of individuals that we can all be mindful about in the future.

  2. Hi Ehdsky-Ray,
    I really enjoyed your presentation. Something such as PTSD I feel is very much over looked in the mental health sector. No one really knows someone is struggling with PTSD unless they speak up about it, but most of the time it goes unnoticed. I feel this is an important topic to talk about because college itself can be stressful, and to have PTSD while attending school can be challenging. Although your topic is very interesting and well thought out, I do believe practicing before making the recording will help your public speaking greatly. The listener can get easily distracted and taken away from the information you are trying to pro trey when you have start your thought over. Overall, great presentation and keep up the good work.

  3. Hello, thank you for doing this research for both college students and veteran students. PTSD resulting from traumatic military experiences is linked to anxiety, anger, and guilt in returning veterans. And your study shows it may also make academics especially difficult for males because their resiliency is lower. And also, improving resilience is important. We definitely need meditation for those veteran students who came back from active duty service, where most of them are most likely to have been under chronic stress, have suffered injuries, and currently exhibit symptoms. Which is why it is very important to help them rather than wait for help because a lot of people do not know how to find help. I’m very excited to see this kind of research topic and I hope people can take action and be willing to help our veterans. There should be a lot more research and participation for not only our veterans, but also for everyone in the community who may be suffering from PTSD. Once again, thank you for your research.

  4. Hello,
    I would like to thank you for conducting this research as it tends to be overlooked. I have personally seen the struggles a veteran faces when they’re attempting to reconnect with the civilian side, especially when they’re trying to pursue a degree. I find it very interesting that the female participants are more resilient than their male counterparts and wonder if male culture has anything to do with this? Also, I am very interested in the coaching of male veterans to minimize their experiential avoidance and was wondering what methods you may employ in order to accomplish this? I am very impressed with your presentation and the way you articulate your points. I look forward to seeing the finished results and exploring the mindfulness app. Thank you again for sharing.

  5. Hello, I really enjoyed learning more about this topic. It is indeed very unfortunate that so many nowadays suffer with PTSD. Especially veterans are exposed to these mental health issues and they are often ignored. On the college student side, I feel like society many times also ignores all of the pressure and hardships that students face on their everyday life. There is no doubt that there are many consequences of having this disorder. It is very important for these individuals to go to therapy and actively seek help from the people around them. At the same time, exercising resilience and mindfulness is a very important component on learning to cope with this disorder. Mental health is a crucial part of our lives and we need to be more aware of it. Like you mentioned, there is very little research done on this subject that is why your input and research on this is so important! Thank you for sharing.

  6. I have always thought the topic of PTSD within veterans and how it is handled has been overlooked. I loved your presentation bringing light to the problem. Your study conducted on over 100 UNLV students makes this problem even more relevant as it is happening at our very own college. I think the creation of an app to encourage mindfulness and resilience will help Veterans and others deal with their PTSD in a more effective way.

  7. Hey Ehdsky-Ray,

    I believe your specific research population is often overlooked in both the veteran and college student communities. I found it impressive that you were able to gather a sample size of 133 participants. From your research the main topic I found most interesting was the results of women demonstrating higher levels of resilience than that of their male counterparts. Could that information be caused by a gender difference or could the cause be that the sample size of participants that are women was significantly less than that of the male gender? I am curious to see why women show higher levels of resilience, but your research topic was well thought out, specific, and provided quality results that will provide information to schools and other college student veterans. You did a great job on your presentation and the information should be viewed as an asset to universities as well as this target population of veterans.

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